One of the causes of knee pain in active adolescents is Osgood-Schlatter disease. Growing children suffering from this knee pain can obtain relief with proper diagnoses and treatment plan set by a qualified sports Podiatrist.
In this blog we will discuss, what causes Osgood-Schlatter, signs and symptoms to look out for and treatment options for this condition. If suffering from knee pain, consult with one of our sports podiatrists at Essential Chiropractic and Healthcare clinic in Reservoir, to ensure a proper diagnoses and personalized treatment plan is obtained.
What is Osgood-Schlatter Disease (OSD)
OSD is an inflammation and irritation of the tibial tubercle (growth plate), an area where the patellar tendon (quadricep musculature) attaches to the shin bone (tibia).
During growth spurts, bones are undergoing rapid changes and if the musculature does not keep up, it can result in tightness at the point of attachment to the bone. Additionally, children who are physically active are at further risk as the muscle contraction is increased during physical activity. When quadriceps muscle is contracted it pulls on the knee cap and the patellar tendon attached to the tibial tubercle. With repetitive contraction, this can cause inflammation and pain across the tibial tuberosity.
-Pain during physical activity including but not restricted to:
- Bending and or straightening of the knee
- Muscle tightness within quadriceps and hamstrings
Rest, Ice, Elevate and Compress – Initial aim of treatment should focus on reducing inflammation and pain through minimizing aggravating factors.
Stretching – Concerning areas of tightness will need to be addressed through stretching. Quadriceps stretching is highlighted in figure below.
Quadricep stretch: standing straight, paying attention not to arch the back. The Stretch will be felt at the front of the thigh.
- Quadriceps strengthening exercises – Podiatrists can help assess lower legs for muscle tightness & weakness and provide a tailored plan to suit the patient.
- Anti-inflammatory gels/creams
- Orthothics. In some cases poor lower leg biomechanics can predispose children to uneven knee loading and increase the stress across the joints and musculature. Orthothics can be used to adjust and correct abnormalities in gaits/biomechanics/walking pattern.
- Surgery may be required in rare cases.
Our experienced and knowledgeable Reservoir Podiatrists can assess and diagnose your lower limb, foot and knee concerns with and initial consultation. Call the clinic on 9470 3443 to book a consult today.